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BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT

Department of Pathology of Mahatma Gandhi medical college and Research institute started functioning   in the form of a histopathology lab in hospital building on 19th NOV 2001. Cytology lab was also started in the same room on the same day.

In 2002, Blood bank was commissioned

First batch of II MBBS student came to pathology dept in 2002 – 2003. At the same time, the museum was setup in the department. Specimens were obtained initially from different hospitals in Chidambaram, Cuddalore, Pondicherry and then as well as from the hospital of our college. The first batch of students contributed in making charts and catalogues in museum & students lab.

Crysotat was installed & became operational in 2003. Special stains were started in 2003. The first special stain started was Geimsa for H. Pylori. Binocular microscopes were purchased in 2004. Cell counter in central lab also got functional in 2004.

First Foetal Autopsy was carried out in March 2004. Monthly clinico – pathological meetings with clinical dept started since 2004.
The first batch of PG was started in 2008-2009..

Presently, the dept is headed by Prof Dhananjay S. Kotasthane, who has joined in OCT 2009.

ROLE AND PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THE DEPARTMENT AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO HEALTH CARE.

The primary function of the department is to teach pathology to II year MBBS students. Apart from this, the dept of pathology conducts teaching for BDS as well as nursing students. The dept is also imparting postgraduate   training for MD (pathology) students.

Department of pathology is a service department. Histopathology, cytology, clinical pathology, hematology & blood bank fall under the purview of this department.

 


The college has state of art lecture halls, which are air conditioned with good seating arrangement for students, proper audiovisual aids like slide projector, OHP and LCD.

The department has 2 demonstration rooms equipped with slide projector & OHP.

Practical halls are well equipped with laminated charts, histopathology slides, enlarged photography of microcopy, etc. Practical halls also have preparation rooms for the storage of chemicals.

Museum has 350 specimens with catalogues of descriptions available Departmental library is well equipped with 122 books.

LIBRARY

The Department Library has more than 150 books that will help the students in their academic pursuit.

Special equipments like cryostat, histokinette, microtome, etc. are available in the department. The central lab is well equipped with modern five part cell counters.

LIST OF SPECIAL INSTRUMENTS

  1. Automatic tissue processor
  2. Microtome
  3. Automatic knife sharpener
  4. Cryostat
  5. Automatic cell counters-5 part differential

LIST OF SPECIAL INSTRUMENTS IN BLOOD BANK

  1. Deep freezers(-40 and -80 deg Celsius)
  2. Refrigerated Centrifuge
  3. Platelet agitator
  4. Optipress (Automatic Component extractor)
  5. Cryobath
  6. Thawing bath
  7. Laminar flow

 


Under Construction

 


CME

Pondicherry state level meeting of pathologists was arranged on 17th April 2010. A histopathology slide seminar was conducted in this meeting. Several interesting histopathology cases were discussed. One of our PG students also presented a histopathology case. This academic activity was very useful to PG students as well as faculties.

On 5th March 2011, the department has also arranged a CME titled “Current concepts in pathology”. Eminent pathologists of national and international repute were called as faculties for the CME programme. Dr. Roshan F. Chinoy, former Professor and HOD of Department of Pathology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai delivered  a lecture on “Mimics of Breast Cancer”. She also conducted a Kodachrome slide session. Dr. Prakash V. Patil, Professor and HOD, Department of Pathology, JN Medical College, Belgaum talked on “Cervical Cytology”. Dr. Debdatta Basu, Professor of Pathology, JIPMER, Pondicherry gave a speech on “Utility of bone marrow trephine biopsy in clinical practice”. Dr. P. K. Rath, a reputed consultant pathologist from Tamil Nadu discussed interesting histopathology cases. About 120 delegates from our institute as well as other institutes in Tamil Nadu actively participated in this CME.

 


List of Ongoing Research Projects

  1. Cytohistological correlation of Breast lesions
  2. Histopathological study of salivary gland tumours
  3. Histopathological study of prostatic lesions

List of Proposed Research Projects in Pathology dept, MGMCRI

  1. Histopathological study of soft tissue tumours
  2. Histopathological study of tumours of uterine cervix
  3. Histopathological study of gastric biopsies in relation to H.pylori and comparison of various histochemical stains and rapid urease test for demonstration of H.Pylori.

List of completed research projects in pathology dept, MGMCRI:

  1. Histopathological study of Tumors of Ovary.
  2. Cytohistological correlation of Thyroid lesions
  3. Histopathological study of Tumours of Uterine corpus

 

 

 

Strength of students – MBBS
    III Semester    -    31
    IV Semester   -    106
   V Semester     -    32
PG – MD (Pathology) – 3 admissions per year

The no. of staff is in accordance with norms of MCI. Hence, the desired student teacher ratio is maintained.

The success rate in the recent exam is 90%

Co – curricular activities

Integrated teaching sessions are arranged for students to develop a holistic approach towards the subject.     

PG students and faculties are encouraged to attend CMEs and various training programmes in another institute.

Various guest lectures, internal and external oration programmes and Quiz. Etc is organized by scientific and Academic forum of the college.

Extra Curricular activities: 

These are carried out at institute level by organizing sports events at intra-college level and encouraging students to participate in inter-college university level sports competition.

For Cultural activities, college days are arranged in which students participate. This is organized at institute level.

Teaching, learning and evaluation:

Rules, regulations and curriculum for pathology has been approved by the standing academic board of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University.

Goal:

The broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate student in pathology is to provide the students with a comprehensive knowledge, mechanisms and cause of disease in order to enable him/her to achieve a complete understanding of the natural history and clinical manifestations of the disease.

Learning Objectives:

A MBBS student, at the end of training in pathology, will be able to:

  1. Understand the concepts of cell injury and changes produced thereby in different tissues and organs and the capacity of the human body for healing.
  2. Understand the normal homeostatic mechanisms, derrangements of these mechanisms and the effects on the human system.
  3. Understand the etiopathogenesis, the pathological effects and clinicopathological correlation of common infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases like degenerative, metabolic and immunologic conditions.
  4. Understand the concepts of neoclassic with reference of the etiology, gross and microscopic features, diagnosis and prognosis in different tissues and organs of the body.
  5. Correlate normal and altered morphology of different organs in different diseases to the extent needed for understanding the disease process and their clinical significance.
  6. Understand the common haematologic disorders and investigations necessary to diagnose them and determine their prognosis.
  7. Describe the rationale and principles of technical procedures of diagnostic pathological laboratory tests.
  8. Perform and interpret certain simple clinicopathological procedures on blood, urine and other biologic fluid samples.
  9. Know the principles of collection, handling, storage, dispatch of clinical samples from patients in a proper manner.  

Following is the time table prepared by the college authorities in accordance with norms of MCI. Lecture and practical schedules of pathology department are indicated in the timetable.

List of Students Seminar

  1. Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Nutritional disorders
  3. Environmental disorders
  4. Liver function tests
  5. Kidney function tests

Student Support:

Parent-teacher interactions are very common in our department. Many parents come to meet head of department to enquire about their wards’ progress. By reviewing the notified test results and the attendance of the students, HOD explains the students’ progress to the parents.
Parents’ meeting is also organized by management of the college.

The notified test results are displayed on the notice board. The answer papers are shown to the students. Ideal answers are discussed with students and they are explained about their shortcomings.

Student’s seminars are also conducted to involve students in teaching- learning process. Integrated teaching activities are also conducted.

Governance & Leadership:

As mentioned in the organization structure of pathology department, the departmental activities are carried out in various teams, which look after various sections of the department in rotation. The associate professors function as section in-charges. The professor and HOD coordinates the activities of various teams.  Monthly departmental meetings are conducted for smooth functioning of department. University and Dean’s directions are passed on to faculty from time of time and the professor and HOD supervises the implementation of the same in the department.

Innovative practices & Best Practices:

  1. Museum and practical halls of the department are well equipped.
    Surgical pathology specimens in the museum are used for practicals. Catalogues for these specimens are also available
    Enlarged photography of microscopy of different lesions have been prepared and used for teaching. These practices help in better understanding of the gross and microscopic appearance of different lesions.
    Novel methods like plastination are used for preserving museum specimens.    
  2. Integrated teaching sessions are conducted with cooperation of faculities of other departments, so that the students get a multidisciplinary approach for particular subject.
  3. Notified tests are conducted at regular intervals & results of these are used to compute internal assessment. Internal assessment marks are added in final University marks. This practice encourages students to study throughout the year.
  4. Students are counseled after the results of notified tests. The answer papers are shown to the students, ideal answers are discussed with them and their deficiencies are pointed out.
  5. Postgraduate students are encouraged to participate in scientific Academic forum meetings & also in inter departmental activities like clinico-pathological meeting. They are also encouraged to attend medical audit meetings.
  6. Faculties are encouraged to attend CMEs, conferences, etc to update their knowledge.
  7. Feedback regarding performance of students is taken from the outside teachers, who come to the college as external examiners. Feed back for performance of faculty is periodically taken from the students.
  8. Standardised Operative procedures have been prepared for procedures carried out in histopathology, cytology, haematology and clinical pathology laboratories.