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The history of Anatomy Department dates back to the beginning of MGMCRl in 2001, started by our beloved Chairman Mr. C. Rajagopalan with a vision to train young aspiring students in medical field to take care of Health care system in and around Pondicherry.

The Department of Anatomy is an approved department by the Pondicherry University for MBBS, BDS & B.Sc. Nursing courses. Presently the department imparts teaching and training programs in human anatomy to medical, dental, nursing, M.Sc students of Biochemistry and Microbiology, MD Anatomy & Ph.D. courses under Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University.

The department has 4 Professors, 3 Assistant professors, 6 Tutors supported by well trained paramedical personnel and a Medical Geneticist.

All faculty members have undergone National teachers training programs on medical education at JIPMER Pondicherry, All faculty members have participated and attended National and Regional conferences and several workshops to update their knowledge and skills.

The faculty members of the department have published 56 papers in national and international journals. 25 research papers have been presented by the faculty at national and regional conferences. Prof. J.Anbalagan has authored a text book entitled "Essentials of Histology" for undergraduate students.

With the inception of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, the dept. of Anatomy is approved for Post Graduate course M.D. Anatomy and PhD programme. All the present senior faculty members are approved post graduate teachers and have vast experience as research guides.

The department has a well equipped Research lab with Trinocular and stereoscopic microscope with micro photographic attachment. The department motivates young under graduates to take up small research projects and is proud to have claimed four I Sl prizes and two 2nd prizes at various State level Annual Conferences conducted by Tamil Nadu.

 


Lecture Hall
The Anatomy lecture hall is fully air-conditioned and equipped with audio¬visual system, interactive board, and document camera to cater the needs of 300 students.

Demonstration Rooms/Seminar Room
The 2demonstration room of 75 and 1 seminar room of 20 seating capacity add to the solid foundation of the infrastructure.

Histology Laboratory
The practical laboratory for histology accommodates 80 students and each student is provided with an individual microscope and a set of slides. The unique feature of the lab is the presence of slide projector and numerous Histology charts that enables an excellent teaching learning out-come. Histology laboratory is provided with eeTY and video camera and LCD for projection of histology slides for small group teaching

Dissection Hall
A unique place where "The Dead Teaches the Living". The Dissection hall is spacious with proper ventilation and adequate light source to accommodate 150 students. There are separate rooms for embalming, cadaver storage, cold storage etc. The students are motivated to develop their skill in dissection so as to understand the intricacy of human body architecture .The students are also provided prosected parts and the entire faculty interacts with students during practical session. The students are evaluated periodically by conducting otified test and Terminal examination. In the dissection hall bones are displayed in a unique way for easy access to the students during dissection schedule.

Museum
A well organized comprehensive Anatomy museum is a unique feature of the departn1cnt. About 250 wet specimens are displayed region wise. Numerous charts, embryology models, skiagrams, MRI, CT scan are adequately displayed in separate sections. Tr~nsectional models. 3D models. Human torso and specimens of rare congenital foetal anomalies are the added attractions to the museum.

Research Laboratory
The research laboratory is well equipped with binocular research microscopes, stereoscopic dissecting microscope, Trinocular microscope with Digital camera and egg incubator. The research laboratory provides an ideal environment for the faculty and students to carry out research activities.

Departmental Library
Departmental library has 183 books on Anatomy and allied subjects as reference books for the need of students/postgraduates and faculty. The library has also collections of ADAM software programs on Anatomy for self study, improvement and assessment, viz -

  • ADAM comprehensive Anatomy
  • ADAM Interactive Anatomy
  • ADAM practical Anatomy
  • ADAM 9 Month Miracle

Cytogenetics Laboratory
Health for all by 2020 AD, all over the world welfare programme is oriented to achieve comprehensive family health care. In all the developed and developing countries in spite of tremendous Scientific and Medical advancement are still coping with certain health care problem which are inherited or due to catastrophic environmental factors. Now the aetiology of many diseases is looked on the genesis of genetic factors. Last 3 - 4 decades the development of Genetics and its application in the clinical practice is tremendous and paves a pathway to understand the basics and diagnosis of certain disorders.

Puducherry is the only Union Territory proud to have 7 Medical institutions, to train health professionals. Apart from JIPMER, MGMC & RI is the only private institution in and around Puducherry to have established a Cytogenetic lab •at the Central Research Lab to cater the needs of clinical department to diagnose Chromosomal disorders like ambiguous sex disorders, Turners Mosaics etc. This facility could be extended to the other Medical institution / General Hospital/Private Nursing Homes.

As we have fully established cytogenetic lab at the Central Research Lab, MGMC&RI. Faculty members of various clinical department - (PAEDIATRICS, PAEDIATRIC SURGERY, OBGY. SURGERY, DERMATOLOGY, ENT, UROLOGY, OPHTHALMOLOGY and MEDICINE) come along with their PG students to learn the technique of karyotyping and put their patients venous whole blood for culture and then go in for chromosomal analysis. They are trained under experts and after due consultation with the Geneticist give their results. Cytogenetic study has how become a very important diagnostic tool for the clinicians at MGMC&RI for their research work, paper presentation and paper publication at Regional, National & International levels. So far we have identified 85 cases.

 


Programme on Voluntary Donation Of Body

Motivation of general public about the procedure of voluntary body donation for scientific & educational purpose and has created awareness among the people in and around Puducherry.

A good number of people (16 donors) have already given their written consent for registration of voluntary donation of body.

Guidance to Slow Learners

Extra care and guidance is given to slow learners/ low achievers by conducting extra evening classes to improve their performance. We could achieve 80% results in the University Examination amongst the low achievers.

Faculty members are engaged in small research projects and participate in national and regional conferences. At the regional conference of Tamil Nadu Associations of Anatomists held at Chettinad Medical College in November 2009 and all the three presentations by the faculty won the first position and awarded merit certificate. At the regional conference of Tamil Nadu Associations of Anatomists held at Karpaga Vinayaga Medical College September 2010, 7 papers were presented and 5 were judged for merit certificates.

On 22nd February 2010, the department conducted a CME program on "Recent Trends in Medical Genetics" for exposure of medical fraternity in the field of human genetics. About 110 delegates participated and benefited by the presentation of topics on genetic errors in growth, reproduction and techniques of painting of chromosomes.

AWARDS MERIT CERTIFICATE FOR BEST PAPER PRESENTATION
AWARD RECIEVED BY STUDENTS

Dr. Leela Krishnamurthi Memorial Award

  1. Shankari J., Vikneshwari Karthiga, SS Rajeshekar and Akshya Prabha V (2005) Transectional Anatomy.
  2. Uma.B, SS Rajashekar, Sudharshini T.S (2006) Sironomelia.

Award for Regional Dissertation Competition in Anatomy

  1. Mr. Saravana Kumar - I Prize (2009) Surgical spaces of the Head and Neck
  2. Mr. Saravana Kumar - I Prize (2005) Recent advances in histomorphometric analysis of Pineal gland

Dr. MM COOPER AWARD ASSOCIATION OF ANATOMISTS, TAMILNADU

Dr. N. Mugunthan 2009, 2010

  • Anatomical variations on the origin and distribution of cystic-artery.
  • Variations of Left Hepatic Artery

Mrs. Uma. A.N., 2009,2010

  • Phenotypical female with a male karyotype - A case study
  • Chromosomal breakage Syndrome - case report of 2 patients
  • Mitotic Non-disjunction in a unilateral renal agenesis fetus.

Mrs. Mary Hydrina D'Silva 2009

  • Histological and morphometric study of ductus arteriosus in still bom foetuses.

Dr. Satish kumar 2009

  • Proboscis with cyclopia - a case report

Dr. Devi Jansirani .D 2010

  • Ossified Pterygospinous ligament in Human Skull.

Mr. Rajesh R 2010

  • Accessory slip of Abductor digiti minimi from antebrachial fascia & its clinical significance.

DR. JEYAVELU MEMORIAL AWARD

  • Dr. Rijied Thompson Swer 2009
  • D A damage in congenital malformation in children below 5 years

 


CONFERENCE

National / Regional
Paper presented at Tamilnadu Annual Conference at Karpaga Vinayaga MedIcal College, Madhurandhagam, 25th, 261h Sep 2010.

  1. A comparative study of congenital anomalies in both Banglore & Kolar districts. Arunkumar Bilodi.
  2. Variations of Left Hepatic Artery. Mugunthan N, Devi Jansirani D, Anbalagan J, Sudha Rao, Christilda Feliciea Jebakani.
  3. Ossified Pterygospinous ligament in Human Skull.  Devi Jansirani D, Anbalagan J, Mugunthan N, Sudha Rao, Thangaraj SP.
  4. Renal agenesis - A case report.  Mrs. Mary Hydrina D'Silva.
  5. Chromosomal breakage Syndrome - case report of 2 patients. Uma AN, Anbalagan J, Sudha Rao.
  6. Sex determination of human mandible usmg bigonal breadth, bicondylar breadth & mandibular angle.  G. Vinay.
  7. Accessory slip of Abductor digiti minimi from antebrachial fascia & its clinical significance. Rajesh R, Sudha Rao, Anbalagan J, Arun Chandra Singh, Usha Kannan.

POSTER PRESENTATION

  1. Mitotic Non-disjunction in a unilateral renal agenesis fetus.  Uma AN, Mary Hydrina D'Silva, Anbalagan J, Sudha Rao.  Paper presented at National Conference,ASI, Pune. 27th _29th Dec. 2010
  2. A comparative study of gastrointestinal anomalies in both Banglore & Kolar districts. Arunkumar Bilodi.
  3. Study of rare dental anomaly - Heriditary ectodermal dysplasia. Arunkumar Bilodi.
  4. Sex determination of human mandible by metric methods. G. Vinay.

CME

CME on "Recent advances in Medical Genetics"

As a part of learning process, on 22nd Feb, 2010, the Department of Anatomy organized a continued medical education program on "Recent advances in Medical Genetics" t9 expose the medical fraternity and the medical students the progress made in the field of genetics. Expertise in the field of genetics shared their knowledge in the recent advance made in the genetic arena. About 110 delegates from various Medical Colleges of Puducherry and Chennai participated in the CME program and benefited from the deliberation given by three resource persons in the field of Medical Genetic.

Dr. Sayee Rajangam, Professor of Anatomy Sri Ramaiah Medical College delivered a guest lecture on "Developmental gene families" focusing the intricate role of genes that governs the organization of tissues of the body and the cascade effect due to its organization failure.

Dr. Asoke Pal, Professor of Medical Genetics, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram spoke on "Genetic basis of reproductive failure" emphasized the role of Y chromosome, the microdeletions of gene governing the gonadal functions be the causative factor in reproductive failure and point out the alarming reduction in the sperm count due to environmental factors.

Dr. Solomon Paul, Professor of Medical Genetics, Sri Ramachandra Medical University, Chennai, in his talk on "Birth and evolution of Cytogenetics in Medical applications" briefed on the advances made in the recognition of individual chromosome by painting technology.

 


The department has a well equipped research laboratory and faculty members have completed project work on morphology of cervical vertebrae,  histomorphometric study of ductus arteriosus, drug toxicity on chromosomes and genetic basis of inborn errors.

Thrust areas of research

  • Effects of cell phone radiation on biological tissues.
  • Vascular pattern and variations in heart, liver & stomach
  • Histomorphometric changes in ductus arteriosus before and after birth
  • Congenital anomalies in foetuses
  • Higher incidence of Satellite associations observed in patients with smoking habits, recurrent abortion, and infertility cases- a preliminary study

Inter Departmental Collaboration-Research Projects

  • Collaboration with Department of OBG and Paediatrics for the study of congenital anomalies of new born foetuses
  • Collaboration with department of OBG. Paediatrics, Dermatology for chromosomal study related to inborn chromosomal errors in cases of Down's, Transgender and infertility cases
  • Collaboration with Community Medicine department for the study of Growth and Development

On-Going Research Projects

  1. Congenital anomalies of face. Sudha Rao, Devi Jansirani
  2. Histomorphometric study of ductus arteriosus in fetuses. Mary Hydrina D'silva, JAnbalagan
  3. Chromosomal breakage syndromes in clinical cases and its correlations. Uma A.N
  4. Anatomical variations on the origin and distribution of cystic artery. Mugunthan
  5. Anatomical variations on the origin and distribution of coeliac trunk and its branches. Devi Jansirani
  6. Anatomical study on Pteryspinous bar and its clinical implications. Devi Jansirani , Anbalagan J
  7. Anatomical study on renal genesis and agenesIs In fetuses of different age group Mary Hydrina D'silva, Anbalagan J.
  8. Sex determination of human mandible using bigonial breadth, bicondylar breadth and mandibular angle. Vinay.

PG Dissertation and Research Topics

  1. Branching pattern of coronary arteries and variations in its origin and distribution Usha Kannan, Anbalagan J.
  2. Acrocentric associations index in smokers and non smokers Sundarvadanan, Uma A. N.
  3. Anatomical study on inguinal canal in cadavers and in patients undergoing inguinal hernia surgery Sateesh, Arunchandra. kS
  4. Histomorphometric study of placenta in normal and in PIH patients Ranga, Arunchandra
  5. Histomorphometric study of ductus arteriosus in fetuses of different age group Meera, J.Anbalagan

Ph.D Research Topics

  1. Effects of ultra frequency radiation emitted from cell phone on developing tissues of chick embryo - A histological study  Mary Hydrina D'Silva,
  2. Effects of Chronic exposure of ultra high frequency radiation emitted from 2G and 3G mobile phones on brain, kidney, liver and testis of mice - A histological and molecular study. N. Mugunthan